means "Life-force energy"
and gong means "skill," so Qigong
(pronounced Chigong) is the skillful practice
of gathering, circulating, and applying life-force energy.
Different Schools of Qigong
China today, Qigong practice is divided into three main
schools: Medical, Martial and Spiritual.
The three schools are all based on the same philosophical
system and share many of the same meditations and techniques.
The schools differ primarily in focus. Students choose
a school based on the use that they want to put their
Qigong training. Briefly, each school focuses on one
of the following specialties:
Medical Qigong School - an integral part of Chinese Energetic Medicine trains
doctors and healers in special Qigong methods
for health maintenance and longevity, disease
prevention, and the diagnosis and treatment of
diseases and disorders. The three primary techniques
of Medical Qigong Therapy include the following:
to detoxify the body of pathogens.
to strengthen the body's internal organs and
to balance the body's internal energy.
Martial School trains martial artists
to build their strength and power for performing
martial arts applications.
Spiritual School trains practitioners
who seek spiritual transformation and enlightenment
(Daoism, Buddhism and Confucianism each have
their own unique techniques). Their techniques
include meditations for fusing, as well as releasing
the Three Ethereal Souls (Hun). These
souls can best be understood as personifications
of moral qualities (or archetypes). When
the Hun are fully developed, the practitioner
acquires certain extraordinary powers and abilities,
such as soul travel. The goal, however, is to
achieve transformation and a state of enlightenment,
and not be led astray by the glamor of extra powers.
The three primary techniques of spiritual Qigong
training include the following:
the Spirit (Shen) to strengthen and
refine the power of the individual's Shen.
the Shen by disciplining both thoughts
and emotions, to relax and tranquilize the individual's
Shen, and to become more receptive to divine
energy and guidance, and
the Shen with the Qi to coordinate
the breath and intention for directing the spirit
to guide the body's life-force energy.
Chinese Energetic Medicine or Qigong
training involves all of the individual's physical senses.
The concentration is focused on breathing, hearing,
visualizing, and muscle relaxation. Massage and movement
are also used to develop and control the body's intrinsic
energy. Studying Qigong requires not only comprehending
the immeasurable wisdom gathered for medical, martial
and spiritual development, but also studying the ancient
Chinese culture inherent within these systems.
Chinese Energetic Medicine or Medical Qigong
All living bodies generate an external field of energy
called Wei Qi (pronounced "whey
chee"), which translates as "protective
energy." The definition of Wei Qi in Classical Chinese Medicine (CCM), Chinese Energetic Medicine or Medical
Qigong is slightly different than that of Traditional
Chinese Medicine (TCM). In classical TCM texts, the
Wei Qi field is seen to be limited to the surface of
the body, circulating within the tendon and muscle tissues.
In Medical Qigong, however, the Wei Qi field also includes
the three external layers of the body's auric and subtle
energy fields. This energy originates from each of the
internal organs and radiates through the external tissues.
There the Wei Qi forms an energy field that radiates
from the entire physical body. This field of Qi protects
the body from the invasion of external pathogens and
communicates with, as well as interacts with, the surrounding
universal and environmental energy fields
Both internal and external pathogenic factors affect
the structural formation of the Wei Qi. The internal
factors include suppressed emotional influences (such
as anger and grief from emotional traumas). The external
factors include environmental influences when they are
too severe or chronic, such as Cold, Damp, Heat or Wind,
etc. Physical traumas also affect the Wei Qi field.
Any negative interchange affects the Wei Qi by literally
creating holes within the matrix of the individual's
external energetic fields. When left unattended, these
holes leave the body vulnerable to penetration, and
disease begins to take root in the body. Strong emotions,
in the form of toxic energy, become trapped within the
body's tissues when we hold back or do not integrate
our feelings. These unprocessed emotions block the natural
flow of Qi, thus creating stagnant pools of toxic energy
within the body.
Medical Qigong consists of specific techniques that
uses the knowledge of the body's internal and external
energy fields to purge, tonify, and balance these energies.
Medical Qigong therapy offers patients a safe and effective
way to rid themselves of toxic pathogens and years of
painful emotions that otherwise, can cause mental and
physical illness. This therapy combines breathing techniques
with movement, creative visualization, and spiritual
intent to improve health, personal power, and control
over one's own life.